Quit Smoking With Hypnotherapy
Compared to individuals who have never smoked, smokers lose at least one decade of life expectancy. Most of the excess mortality among smokers is due to neoplastic (e.g., tumors), respiratory, and vascular diseases. Furthermore, cessation before the age of 40 years reduces the risk of death associated with continued smoking by about 90%.
Specifically, adults who quit smoking at 25-34 years of age gain about 10 years of life, those who quit between the ages of 35 and 44 gain 9 years of life, and those who quit between the ages of 45 and 54 can gain on average 6 years of life, as compared with those who continue to smoke (Jha et al., 2013).
Tips to Quit Smoking
Quitting smoking can be challenging, but researchers have found several behavioral approaches that can help smokers overcome their addiction. For example, engaging in treatment groups where participants use name tags, encourage group members to introduce themselves and to talk about themselves and their experiences, have shown to be effective (West, Evans, & Michie, 2011). Other effective strategies include:
Betting games: giving the option to group buddies to place bets; each pair bet together that they won’t smoke for the next week. If one of the buddies smoke, then both buddies have to forfeit their money (West et al., 2011).
Group tasks that promote interaction/bonding: any tasks which group members perform together in the therapy session that may make the clients more attached to the group and each other or encourage group interaction (West et al., 2011).
Hypnotherapy has been suggested as an alternative treatment to help people quit smoking, and techniques may involve weakening people’s desire to smoke, strengthening their will to quit, or helping them concentrate on a ‘quit program’. Although it is possible that hypnotherapy could be as effective as counseling treatment, there is not enough evidence to be certain of this (The Cochrane Collaboration, 1996).
What are the effects of quitting smoking?
There is substantial evidence that quitting smoking benefits psychological well-being. For example, health-related quality of life improves following cessation, but decreases with continued smoking. This effect occurs relatively quickly, i.e., within the first year after a quit attempt. In addition, over 3 years, research findings show that continuing smokers report increased negative affect and decreased positive affect, while successful quitters report decreased negative affect and increased positive affect. Thus, negative mood might constitute a barrier to smoking cessation treatment, but long-term cessation can help improve mood. This also suggests that continued smoking may play a role in maintaining and possibly exacerbating a range of psychological problems (Piper, Kenford, Fiore, & Baker, 2012).
Jha, P., Ramasundarahettige, C., Landsman, V., Rostron, B., Thun, M., Anderson, R. N., … Peto, R. (2013). 21st-Century Hazards of Smoking and Benefits of Cessation in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(4), 341–350. doi:10.1056/NEJMsa1211128
Piper, M. E., Kenford, S., Fiore, M. C., & Baker, T. B. (2012). Smoking Cessation and Quality of Life: Changes in Life Satisfaction Over 3 Years Following a Quit Attempt. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 43(2), 262–270. doi:10.1007/s12160-011-9329-2
The Cochrane Collaboration (Ed.). (1996). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Reviews. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
West, R., Evans, A., & Michie, S. (2011). Behavior Change Techniques Used in Group-Based Behavioral Support by the English Stop-Smoking Services and Preliminary Assessment of Association with Short-term Quit Outcomes. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 13(12), 1316–1320. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntr120